Term 3 – Biography – Recount Text Type

Biography Sampler:Read this annotated example of a biography text about Mae Jemison, the Space Star.

Screen Shot 2014-05-05 at 1.20.00 pmFamous Scientists:View this list of famous scientists to help you select a person to investigate and write your own biography about.

Create an online draft using the prompts

Writing – How to structure a biography: Use this checklist to structure your pargraphs accordingly when you write your draft.

Biography Data Chart (planner) for our topic, Famous Scientist



Discussion Writing – Links to Breaking News…

The news today (Monday 31st March) has sparked discussion for footy families around the country with the AFL’s proposal for UNDER 10 leagues to be forced to play with no scoreboard, ladders or match results. They say they aim to promote participation rather than competition. Click on the HERALD SUN IMAGE to be transferred to today’s article online.


Now plan and compose your discussion piece…







Discussion Text Type

Structure and Language Features of a Discussion Text

Discussion Example – Compare and Contrast

PURPOSE: A discussion presents differing opinions, view points or perspectives on an issue, enabling the reader to explore different ideas before making an informed decision.


  1. A statement of position supplying necessary background information. This introduction recognises that there are two points of view.
  2. Arguments for and supporting evidence. This may include researching, surveying or interviewing people.
  3. Arguments against and supporting evidence.
  4. A recommendation or conclusion. This final paragraph sums up both sides of the argument.


Connectives (linking words) firstly, on the other hand, consequently, however, although, nevertheless, despite, since, therefore, indeed, meanwhile, as a result, in addition, it would seem, even though, moreover, instead, whereas,

Sensing Verbs (used to express opinions) believe, hope, know, trust protect, argue, consider, judging, confirm, fear, feeling, reassurance, sense, feel,

Noun groups, member of the family, owners of the local shops, staff at a nearby primary school

Modality (the degree of certainty) possibly, may, might, definitely
Procedural Writing


Information Report

An information report is a factual text, which means it provides information about something. An information report is used as a way to gain a better understanding about a living or non-living subject. An information report:

  • uses facts to explain something
  • gives details about a topic
  • does not contain personal views
  • is usually written, but can also be presented orally (spoken).


Formal written information reports usually follow a very specific structure. The first part of an information report is the title, or heading, of the report. This will tell the reader what topic is covered in the report.

The first introductory paragraph, known as the classification, explains the aspects of the topic that will be covered in the report.

The following information is contained in the body paragraphs. This is where the topic of the report is covered in more detail. These paragraphs use factual information to give the reader a better understanding of the topic. Often, these paragraphs are broken up by sub-headings to help organise the information.

The conclusion of an information report gives any final details or facts about the topic. It may also be used to review what the report was about.

Visual elements are important because they help the reader to understand the topic better. Visual elements can include drawings, photographs, graphs, maps or diagrams.

A glossary is often put at the end of an information report. A glossary is a list of technical words used in the report and their definitions.

The bibliography is a list of resources like books, magazines and websites, which were used to help write the information report.

Language Features

  • Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Adjectives
  • Present tense verbs
  • Adverbs
  • Adverbial phrases


Some examples include








Creating an information report

The first step in preparing an information report is to choose the topic of the report. Then you will need to research the topic. Textbooks, websites, an encyclopaedia and other information reports are good places to gather information. You might also want to look for pictures and diagrams to use in your report.

Once you have the information, you will need to organise it into the structure of an information report. It is also important to make a list of any important words to use in the glossary. Information reports are generally written in the present tense.

When you have finished writing the report, read it again to make sure that it uses facts, gives details, and does not contain personal views. Always check your text for correct spelling, grammar and punctuation.

Info Report – Planner 1 or Info Report – Planner 2


The content in this page can be located in more detail on the SKWIRK website along with details of the other five text types in writing. The image is from the ‘Writing Fun’ website.


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